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I recently tried to boil some potatoes (purchased within the past week) that would not cook. They remained hard and inedible after boiling more than 40 minutes, even though the pieces were only 2 inch cubes. Please note that I have been cooking for over 40 years, so I am not asking how to cook potatoes in general.
My specific questions are: Why did this happen? Is there anything to look for that would indicate such a problem with potatoes when I purchase them? Is there anything I can do to salvage the potatoes if this happens again?
What you are describing can happen more frequently with some medium solids (starch) varieties, such as the Russet Norkotah. It typically is limited to the core of the potato when it occurs, sometimes referred to as the stem. During the growing season, unusually cold weather in a field may cause the potato matter to remain dense thru the length of the center of the potato. When baking, I have actually had it become stringy and resist even cooking it out in the microwave. Had not heard of any issues this crop year with that variety, but sounds like what you ran into.
Check the bag plastic quick lock, all Idaho potatoes have to list the variety. The Russet Norkotah is an early harvest variety; it comes on board in August to September and the storage is usually finished by February or March. Here are some details on what it looks like.
Because of its nice even skin and oval appearance the Norkotah is quite popular with retailers. The Russet Burbank variety is what Idaho is typically known for, and comprises most of the production. It is used extensively in foodservice. Here is a link describing it.
All Idaho potatoes sold in bags are also required to display the “grown in Idaho” seal, so also look for this too.
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Established in 1937, the Idaho Potato Commission (IPC) is a state agency that is responsible for promoting and protecting the famous "Grown in Idaho®" seal, a federally registered trademark that assures consumers they are purchasing genuine, top-quality Idaho® potatoes. Idaho's ideal growing conditions, including rich, volcanic soil, climate and irrigation differentiate Idaho® potatoes from potatoes grown in other states.
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